Bees for Development
Bees for Development's conceptual framework for sustainable beekeeping: an ecosystems approach
Honey bees, Apis mellifera, are wild insects. They are not domesticated, and yet because they store honey and make wax humans have taken great interest in exploiting them for the benefit of people. This has lead to a close relationship between bees and people which began with honey hunting, evolved into keeping bees in hives and eventually the science and art of beekeeping developed. However, the relationship between bees and people goes beyond beekeeping. People have a huge influence on the habitat of the honey bee, people have moved the honey bee out of its natural range and have interfered with its genetics through selection, breeding and the moving of strains of bees around the world. The earliest beekeeping was carried out with the aim of harvesting honey and wax, nowadays with the advent of monocultures and damaged natural environments we also keep bees for pollination, whereas there would have been a time when bees living in the wild would have filled this role adequately.
The nature of this relationship is different in different parts of the world but we can consider the relationship in three dimensions. These dimensions of interaction may vary in their importance in achieving sustainability.
Sustainable beekeeping refers to the nature of this relationship and the outcome.
Beekeeping is sustainable when the interactions between humans and honey bees contribute positively to healthy populations of locally-adapted indigenous bees living in the wild and in the apiaries of beekeepers.
Three things everyone can do
Ten tenets for sustainable beekeeping.
Report of the Discusssion Day on Sustainable Beekeeping July 2009.
What is sustainable beekeeping?
An introduction to sustainable beekeeping: a Bees for Development weekend training course.
List of Articles available on this topic (6):
Beekeeping Development:Honey for the Hajj: Afganistan
Kenya Connection:When sharing information,each side gains
Moroccan Beekeeping Project
Dr Paul Schweitzer and others
Report of Discussion Day on Sustainable Beekeeping July 2009
Lowore, Janet; Bradbear, Nicola
Sustainable bee-friendly beekeeping: part 1