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The specialist international beekeeping organisation
To make a candle you need sufficient beeswax, a mould and a wick. In a developing country these are most likely to be made form available local materials. It is possible of course to purchase a wide range of candle mould but they are expensive and frequently do not last for very long. In country sources are always most likely to be sustainable. A good mould might be a piece of plastic pipe, a hollow stalk from a large plant (such as a coco-yam) or a piece of bamboo. Depending on how easily obtainable these items are will depend on whether the mould is preserved after the wax moulding or destroyed to get the candle out. If the mould is a hollow tube it must have something that fits tightly to close one end. The end closing must be absolutely tight or the hot wax will run out all over the place. A plastic bottle top or cork of the right size is good. Wicks can be made of jute string, lamp wick, string form bank bags or a variety of other suitable locally available materials. A double boiler for melting the wax can be made from a cooking pot and an old tin can. Once a producer becomes skilled very good candles can be produced using simple local materials.